English language has found its place as one of the main languages of communication world over. Therefore we need to translate the concepts in Sanskrit texts in to English. Though we use an approximate English word but we should not lose the spirit of the word used in Sanskrit. Many times but we should not hesitate to use the freedom English language gives us in borrowing the original Sanskrit word into English, like English has borrowed the words like pundit or karma and people freely use it in all fields.
One such word I am going to explain is the most popular word meditation. Meditation is used to strictly speaking for Dhyana of Patanjali’s words Dharana, Dhyana and Samadhi in the eight fold path of yoga called Astanga yoga.
We have to do similar kind of exercise every time we come across new object. Every new object is different and every time the details are different. This is like doing an activity and mind is the tool we use. This is different from dhyana. Unfortunately in many minds this confusion is there. Therefore many books on meditation supposed to be text on dhyana have given the description on the meditation on the flame with all the details of the various aspects of the flame such as the blue penumbra the golden flame and the whitish inner flame and deep inside the dark portion etc. This clearly shows that they have taken the object as important and the details of the object important. Some texts even mentioned the picture of eye and the mechanism involved in it and its connection with brain so that the mechanism is important! But these things are necessary only in case of meditation when we take meditation as doing something with the help of our instrument called mind. This may make a person efficient in the managing of the world such as driving in a new place or reading new subject matter with various complications. When this meditation has to be done and if the surroundings are not very silent and clear then we may have to concentrate or focus to pick up the sounds and matter what we require among several other things which interfere with your interaction. If you are reading a book or listening to a conversation of someone but all around you if there are so many other sounds present and distracting you then you may have to concentrate or avoid such place and choose a solitary place for your concentration.
Dhyana can help one in developing concentration but let us not confuse between dhyana or dharana and concentration as those terms have special meanings. This aspect of focus in our childhood was much stronger and natural for us than what we find today. In those days we four or five children used to sit around a lamp and read or do our work but we were not getting distracted by the others around us and their work.